Friday, January 17, 2020

Evolution, Science and Religion

Why We Believe What We Believe is written by Andrew Newberg and Mark Robert Waldmanis. Mr. Newberg is a correlate professor of Radiology and Psychiatry, an assistant professor of studies of religion, and a director of the Center for Spirituality and the Mind.Mark Robert Waldmanis is an adjunct fellow at the Center for Spirituality and the Mind and the founder of the academic journal, Transpersonal Review. The book examines how the brain functions to comprehend beliefs and reality’s nature. It suggests a considerate, biological, well-documented hypothesis on how the human brain processes sensory information into its own exclusive visions of truth.This book does not seek to disown people’s beliefs, but in its place determine why believing is such an important and crucial piece of a human being. It seeks to know if we are experiencing positive or negative beliefs of our own.More often than not, people’s beliefs make them disregard the beliefs of other people even th ough they have the same concept of God. This is due to the brain’s nature to reject other information that is opposing to its own beliefs. The book helps people search for meaning and truth as it explores the biological aspect of believing.One of the most original questions in religion and philosophy is about reality’s nature. Given that we only have admission to reality through our capability to conceptualize it, possibly an even more essential question might be why and how we consider the things we do.Where do our beliefs come from, how do they begin to form, and how can we reliably match these beliefs to the reality that we are trying to understand, steer through, and merely survive in? Most citizens don't expend a lot of time reflecting on the very nature of their beliefs. Why then do they have convinced beliefs rather than others? Individuals seem to be somewhat confident in what they believe and be likely to agree to that however they form beliefs. It is an accur ate and reliable process.This deficiency of critical distance and self-reflection makes it easier not just for errors to take place, but also for others to influence and pressure our beliefs. Books on cynical tactics and actions can help avoid this, but we can also profit from simply having an improved understanding of what beliefs really are on a biological level.The first part of the book introduces its basic premises, by means of the case history of Mr. Wright who was stricken with cancer and is about to depart this life in a research infirmary. He was given placebo injections, and in a week, he showed instant cure and all tumors miraculously faded away, but when the newspaper information described the uselessness of the drug the patient considered he was taking, the tumors started to return.The physician persuaded the patient that a new and improved drug was obtainable, and once more the tumors vanished. The FDA then manifested the medicinal study a disappointment, and once more , the tumors have returned and Mr. Wright died when his belief in the drug had faltered. The authors go back to this story all through the book to clarify how our beliefs can intensely manipulate the neurobiological processes in the brain.Are we really living in this world? Is the world even real? Is our life merely a dream? People tend to hold on to religion for the comfort and security that our unsure lives may hold. They believe in many different religions even though there are so many questions unanswered and undiscovered facts yet to be explored.The book implies that our brain has a neurological tendency to believe. It is a vital element of the human mind. People tend to have the idea that a belief that doesn’t match theirs is wrong. These are just the workings of the human brain that instinctively seek to protect itself. But people can also tend to change their beliefs once in a while.When they get more exposed to their environment and everyone around them, they gradual ly mold their child-like minds within to the beliefs surrounding them. People have an enormous tendency to see what others tell them as factual; whilst not everything can be questioned to discover its truth.

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

NATO - Member Countries and Overview

On April 1, 2009, two countries were newly admitted into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Thus, there are now 28 member states. The U.S.-led military alliance was created in 1949 as a result of the Soviet blockade of Berlin. The original twelve members of NATO in 1949 were the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg. In 1952, Greece and Turkey joined. West Germany was admitted in 1955 and in 1982 Spain became the sixteenth member. On March 12, 1999, three new countries - the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland - brought the total number of NATO members to 19. On April 2, 2004, seven new countries joined the alliance. These countries are Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. The two newest countries that joined as NATO members on April 1, 2009 are Albania and Croatia. To retaliate against the formation of NATO, in 1955 the Communist countries banded together to form the now-defunct Warsaw Pact, which originally consisted of the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, East Germany, Poland, and Romania. The Warsaw Pact ended in 1991, with the fall of Communism and the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Most notably, Russia remains a non-member of NATO. Interestingly enough, in the military structure of NATO, a U.S. military officer is always commander-in-chief of NATO forces so that U.S. troops never come under the  control of a foreign power. The 28 Current NATO Members AlbaniaBelgiumBulgariaCanadaCroatiaCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIcelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgNetherlandsNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainTurkeyUnited KingdomUnited States

Tuesday, December 24, 2019

Cinderell The American Indian Myths And Legends Fairytale

Cinderella is one of the American Indian myths and legends fairytale which tells the story of a rich man’s daughter whose mother died after promised her to be a pious and good. Interpreting in ancient mythology, especially monomyth, the character of the story, Cinderella represents as a heroine. In the fairytale, a call to adventure, supernatural aid, crossing the threshold, an ultimate boon, and meeting with the god has been reflected. And all the mentioned above are a hero or heroine journey that must be accomplished in a given adventure. The call to adventure in the fairytale starts when Cinderella’s mother passed away and her father married another wife. The new wife who came with her two daughters mistreated Cinderella badly. Cinderella is changed in to a servant. They are very bad to Cinderella, she can’t dress good, forced her to dress old kirtle, and wears wooden shoes. These are representations of a call to adventure in which a hero or heroine must cross. The adventure is the journey full of obstacle or road trials. In the heroic with a thousand of faces, Campbell says, â€Å"Whether dream or myth, in these adventures there is an atmosphere of irresistible fascination about the figure that appears suddenly as guide, marking a new period, a new stage in the biography. (Campbell 55). The mistreating of Cinderella enabled her to enter in to a new life or stage. Cinderella responded to the call and she set to overcome the challenges. Although she was a daughter of rich man,

Monday, December 16, 2019

Question Discounted Cash Flow Free Essays

Exam 2 Part 2 Answer any EIGHT of the ten questions. Each question is worth 5 points. Return your answers to me by 11:59 PM Sunday 11 November 2012 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Question: Discounted Cash Flow or any similar topic only for you Order Now A number of publicly traded firms pay no dividends yet investors are willing to buy shares in these firms. How is this possible? Does this violate our basic principle of stock valuation? Explain. Our basic principle of stock valuation is that the value of a share of stock is simply equal to the present value of all of the expected dividends on the stock. According to the dividend growth model, an asset that has no expected cash flows has a value of zero, so if investors are willing to purchase shares of stock in firms that pay no dividends, they evidently expect that the firms will begin paying dividends at some point in the future. 2. Explain why some bond investors are subject to liquidity risk, default risk, and/or taxability risk. How does each of these risks affect the yield of a bond? Liquidity problems exist in thinly traded bonds making some bonds difficult to sell at their actual value. Default risk is the likelihood the corporation will default on its bond obligations. Taxability risk reflects the fact that some bonds are taxed disadvantageously compared to others. If any of these risks exist, investors will require compensation by demanding a high yield. 3. The discussion of asset pricing in the text suggests that an investor will be indifferent between two bonds which have equal yields to maturity as long as they have equivalent default risk. Can you think of any real-world factors which might make a given investor prefer one of these bonds over the other? 4. Why do corporations issue 100-year bonds, knowing that interest rate risk is highest for very long-term bonds? How does the interest rate risk affect the issuer? Treasury bonds make great safe, long-term investments, but is there any point in Why would the Fed consider issuing a bond with a 100-year maturation, are backed by the U. S. Government and typically have a very slim risk of default. 5. The market value of an investment project should be viewed as the sum of the standard NPV and the value of managerial options. Explain three different real or managerial options that management may have, what they are, and how they would influence market value. 6. Explain the use of real and nominal discount rates in discounting cash flows. Which is used more often and why? Discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis is a method of valuing a project, company, or asset using the concepts of the time value of money. All future cash flows are estimated and discounted to give their present values (PVs) — the sum of all future cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is the net present value (NPV), which is taken as the value or price of the cash flows in question. Using DCF analysis to compute the NPV takes as input cash flows and a discount rate and gives as output a price; the opposite process — taking cash flows and a price and inferring a discount rate, is called the yield. Discounted cash flow analysis is widely used in investment finance, real estate development, and corporate financial management. 7. Consider two firms with the same P/E ratio. Explain how one could be described as expensive compared to the other. 8. Explain how important a firm’s growth is by creating an example of a growth and no-growth stock. 9. Everything held constant, would you rather depreciate a project with straight-line depreciation or with MACRS? 10. A local bank is contemplating opening a new branch bank in a large superstore across town from their main office. It is estimated that the new branch will generate $20,000 after expenses each month. The manager wonders if all these revenues should be considered an incremental cash flow. Given this information, explain which of the following statements is correct. A. $20,000 is generated by the new branch bank and therefore it is an incremental cash flow. B. We would first need to assess the opportunity cost of placing a branch in a different location to answer this question. C. Some amount less than the $20,000 is incremental because of substitutionary effects. D. Some amount less than the $20,000 is incremental because of complementary effects. How to cite Question: Discounted Cash Flow, Essay examples

Sunday, December 8, 2019

The Idea of Marketing Evaluation

Question: ExplainThe idea of marketing evaluation. Answer: The idea of marketing evaluation can be described in a much simpler tone than the definition given in the management books. As discussed by Mooradian et al. 2013, marketing management are the techniques, which are used after a marketing plan period to assess the success or the failure in acquiring the marketing objectives and the accomplishment of the marketing efforts. Here the idea of marketing metrics comes to the limelight. As opined by Rancati and Gordini 2014, marketing metrics is a set of procedures that a marketer uses to enumerate, compare and understand the marketing performance of his enterprise. Thus, marketing metrics are instrumental is an effective marketing evaluation. Various companies use the marketing evaluation process for better operation. Now the marketing evaluation can be done with the help of the marketing metrics. As discussed by Marshall et al. 2014, the marketers need a marketing metrics to guide his marketing actions. It provides the manager with the information of how the brand is performing, and what improvements are needed. It describes the brands' activities, the reaction of the market, etc. to the marketers. This marketing metrics possess an array of components. Financial metrics counts the profit contribution of the brand. The profit margin is also calculated here. It also measures the customer value and the customer lifetime value of the brand (Rancati and Gordini 2014). For an example, in order to evaluate the market growth of B2M solution, one of the largest technological companies based on Australia, the marketing managers have concentrated on two factors that include market urgency and market size. As per the market urgency, it has been observed that B2M solution is able to create a huge demand on the market for their Android development style (Mooradian et al. 2013). Consequentl y, this company has achieved annual award honor for leading mobile enterprise in last year. This particular achievement has helped the organization to evaluate the market by creating an urgency. Behavioral metrics includes evaluation of the sales, market share, market penetration, purchase frequency, SCR, etc. of the brand. Memory metrics evaluates the brand awareness among the clients, brand image, customer satisfaction, etc. Physical availability metrics helps in creating strategies for making the brand easy to notice and buy for the customers. It includes the number of outlets, operating hours, geographical coverage, etc. In addition, by applying cost acquisition strategy Woolworth has made an effective market evaluation strategy. cost acquisition strategy is a particular method based on which marketing managers get to know how the attention of the consumers can be drawn towards their product. After conducting the market evaluation Woolworth is able to satisfy the demand of more than 28 million customers per day. Marketing activity metrics is needed for the marketers evaluate its marketing investments and the utility of it. Customer profile parameters are helpful in detec ting the target customers. Here the example of Amazon can be taken. They have evaluated their customers and identified the fake authors in their websites. It helped them to retain the right brand value. Now depending on these metrics, the marketing evaluation process concentrates on the marketing control to ensure the success of the marketing plans. There are four types of marketing evaluation control is present. Annual plan control ensures that the company is achieving the sales, profit and other related goals stated in the annual plans. A company uses sales analysis, market share analysis, and financial analysis. It consists of all managerial objectives (Babin and Zikmund 2015). Profitability control helps in obtaining better profitability of the products. A company follows the strategy of marketing profitability analysis, determining remedial actions, and a measurement of a direct vs. full costing for better profit margin. The online retailer has used the strategy of virtual operation in a different pricing pattern to obtain better profitability. Efficiency control is used to augment the effectiveness of the marketing activities. It includes sales force efficiency and advertising efficiency, sales promotion and distribution efficiency (Beukes et al. 2014). In the case of the St Kilda Mums, they used the media marketing and digital operation to increase the efficiency of the marketing activities. Companies should make a regular reassessment of the marketing strategies with a marketing audit. The strategies should focus on the customer philosophy, unifying different marketing methods, and set of procedures for acquiring factual market data, operational efficiency and strategic orientation. The audit should review the marketing environment as well as the organisation, public view, customers and the competitors. The ethical and social responsibility review should also be done to ensure better operation of the marketing strategies (Huber et al. 2016). Here, the story of Amazon can be told again. Last but not the least, it can be said that marketing evaluation is changing as the marketing strategies are changing their characters. The traditional ways are getting replaced by new strategies. As an example, St Kilda Mums can be cited. Having a right evaluation strategy will help the companies to obtain a better market share. Reference: Babin, B. and Zikmund, W., 2015.Essentials of marketing research. Nelson Education. Beukes, J., Prinsloo, H. and Pelser, T.G., 2014. A Strategic Marketing Evaluation of Customer Service Expectations from Alcohol Beverage Suppliers.J Soc Sci,40(1), pp.129-139. Huber, F., Meyer, F., Stein, K. and Strieder, K., 2016. Choosing the Right Cause: The Moderating Role of Meta-Cognitions in Cause-Related Marketing Effectiveness. InThriving in a New World Economy(pp. 263-266). Springer International Publishing. Marshall, K.P., Forrest, P.J. and McGorry, S., 2014. MARKETING METRICS WORKSHOP: ACME 2014.Patrick D. Fountain, p.239. Mooradian, T., Matzler, K. and Ring, L., 2013.Strategic Marketing: Pearson New International Edition. Pearson Higher Ed. Rancati, E. and Gordini, N., 2014. CONTENT MARKETING METRICS: THEORETICAL ASPECTS AND EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE.European Scientific Journ

Saturday, November 30, 2019

TajMahal 1852 Essay Example For Students

TajMahal 1852 Essay The two Englishmen were walking down the white marble path both holding cups of tea in china cups and saucers. One man was wearing khaki coloured clothes with round head wear with the khaki strap of his hat going down his cheeks near his white bushy moustache. The other man taller and thinner in size had a thin moustache above his thin lips and his hair was well combed into a side parting. Both men were very upper class British men admiring the culture and the carvings of the Taj Mahal walking on the smooth white marble path with patterned carvings on either side of the path. We will write a custom essay on TajMahal 1852 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Each step was slow and steady there was no rush at dusk. The air was cool but the humidity of the afternoon could still be seen as the tropical trees in the landscape had a mist of vapour round the branches and the leaves. The atmosphere was calm and cultural the only people to be seen on the path were the men. Conversation between the men was bitter, the short stubby man wearing khaki clothes stood out, he was new to the place of beauty. The tall man stood out and had a lot more confidence and did not look around fascinated by the Mahal like the short man. He wore a black thin suite with a creamy white shirt that could be seen. The short man was very talkative and the tall man spoke the queens English. This invasion is a great achievement of Britain, here the people are very good workers and could bring wealth to Britain, the tall man spoke. I know the place is very beautiful too, the short man replied but was more interested in the culture surrounded by him. Both men walked up the stairs on the main buildings of the Taj Mahal and were ready to walk through the main entrance which was big and full of beautiful carvings. But from one of the white tall grand pillars a man sprung out from behind it. The man wore a robe and a turban white in colour he had distinctive green eyes and had native dark brown skin. He spoke, TCHAI, and in his hand he had a metal container that looked old and tacky he shook it at them he was offering them something. The short man looked around in amazement he looked confused. It means tea, this man always annoying me one of these days Im going to shoot him, Ive never taken tea off him and he comes and still says tchai, he was very annoyed. TCHAI! the Indian man wearing the turban didnt give up. The short man was calm and didnt think much of this, um No thanks chap he answered. He waved his hands in the air at about chest height and shook his head. He screwed his face. TCHAI?! the tea man wearing the turban still wanted to sell tea but he was refused again. NO! both men said at the same time. Nai Nai the vagabond was refused again by the taller man that must have picked up a bit of the foreign language. Both the men were really getting annoyed. The tea selling vagabond was blocking the mens path and kept offering something that the conceited British men did not want. The tall man had hate in his eye and anger grew within him. He reached in to the inside of his suite and pulled out a loaded hang gun. Knowing he was a British man in a British ruled country he knew that he could most probably get a way with shooting an Indian man of very little authority. The gun slowly crept out of his pocket his hand was on the trigger straight away and he pointed the gun to the vagabonds head. The vagabonds eyes were full of freight.